Gary Michael Fournier

Professor Emeritus
Department of Economics
Bellamy Building 274
Florida State University
Tallahassee, FL 32306-2180

Office: (850) 644-7080
Fax: (850) 644-4535
E-mail: gfournier at fsu dot edu

Office Hours: by appointment


health economics, applied microeconomics and industrial organization.

My recent topics include competition in healthcare, especially hospitals versus ambulatory surgical centers; assessing the welfare effects of introducing new ADHD-drugs; competition in the airline industry; technology diffusion in medical treatment decisions.




Professor Emeritus                        
Department of Economics                                                                     
Florida State University 


 Professor of Economics, Florida State University (1994-2015); Associate Professor (1986-1994);  Assistant Professor (1980-1986).

Visiting Scholar, Medical University of South Carolina (Fall 2006).

Visiting Scholar, Economics Department, University of Bergen, Norway (Summer 1996; Fall 1998, Summer 2003, Summer 2006)

Participant in Legal Institute for Economists, sponsored by the  Law and Economics Center of Emory University. (Summer 1983)

 Network Inquiry Special Staff, Federal Communications Commission (1978-1980)

Industry Economist, Directorate of Economic and Policy Research, Securities and Exchange Commission, (Summer 1977)



Ph.D. (Economics), University of Virginia, 1981.

B.A. (Economics), University of Florida, 1973.



ECO 5973: Applied Projects (M.S. Capstone)

ECO 5117: Applied Microeconomics (M.S.)

ECP 5415: Social Control of Business


ECP 3403: Business Organization and Market Structure

ECP 4413: Government Regulation of Business



Can empirical demand models assist in CON comparative reviews? A case study in Florida. [Download].Southern Economic Journal 81(1): 68-90, July 2014.

Entry in the ADHD drugs market: Welfare impact of generics and me-toos. [Download] Journal of Industrial Economics, Volume 61(2): 339-392, June 2013. (With Farasat A. S. Bokhari).

Geographical Variations in a Model of Physician Treatment Choice with Social Interactions. [Download]  Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 73: 2010, 418–43.  (With Mary Burke and Kislaya Prasad).

Incumbent Responses to Low Cost Airline Entry: An SAR panel data analysis. [Download] Research in Transportation Economics 24, 2008, 15–24. (With Bogdan Daraban).

New Carrier Entry and Airport Substitution by Travelers: Why do we have to drive to fly? in Darin Lee, ed. Advances in Airline Economics, Vol. 2, Elsevier, 2007. (WithMonica Hartmann and Thomas Zuehlke).

The Diffusion of a Medical Innovation: Is Success in the Stars? [Download] Southern Economic Journal 73(3), 588-603, 2007. (With Mary Burke and Kislaya Prasad).

The Emergence of Local Norms in Networks. [Download] Complexity 11(5): 65-83, 2006. (With Mary Burke and Kislaya Prasad).

Incentives and Physician Specialty Choice: A Case Study of Florida’s Program in Medical Sciences (PIMS).[Download] Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 42(2), 2005. (With  Cheryl Henderson).

The Effects of Managed Care on Medical Referrals and the Quality of Specialty Care.  [Download] Journal of Industrial Economics, Volume L (4): 457-474, 2002. (With Melayne Morgan McInnes).

The Case for Experience Rating in Medical  Malpractice Insurance: An Empirical Evaluation. Journal of Risk and Insurance 68(2): 255-276, 2001. (With Melayne Morgan McInnes).

Take My Course, Please: The Effect of Principles Instruction on Student Curriculum Choice.  Journal of Economics Education 31(4): 323-339, 2000. (With Tim R. Sass).

Recovering from a Bad Reputation, Changing Beliefs about the Quality of U.S. Autos. International Journal of Industrial Organization 17(3): 299-318, 1999.  (With Mark W. Nichols).

Medical Board Regulation of Physician Licensure: Is Excessive Malpractice Sanctioned? Journal of Regulatory Economics 12: 113-126, 1997.  (With Melayne Morgan McInnes).

New Evidence on the Performance Advantages of  Multihospital Systems. Review of Industrial Organization, 12: 703-718, 1997. (With Jean M. Mitchell).

Indigent Care as 'Quid Pro Quo' in Hospital Regulation. Review of Economics and Statistics, November 1997.  (With Ellen S. Campbell). 

The Timing of Out-of-Court Settlements. The RAND Journal of Economics 26(4). 1996.  (With Thomas W. Zuehlke). 

Shifts in Broadcast Policy and the Value of TV Licenses. Information Economics and Policy 5: 87-104, 1993. (With Ellen S. Campbell). 

Implications of Certificate-of-Need Deregulation for Indigent Hospital Care." Journal of Health Politics Policy and Law 18: 905-925,1993. (With Ellen S. Campbell). 

Hospital Costs and Competition for Services:  A Multiproduct Analysis." Review of Economics and Statistics 74: 627-634, 1992.   (With Jean M. Mitchell).

Litigation and Settlement:  An Empirical Approach. Review of Economics and  Statistics 71: 189-195 (May 1989). (With Thomas W. Zuehlke).

Elderly Migration:  For Sun and Money.Population Research and Policy Review 71: 189-199 (1988). (With David W. Rasmussen and William J. Serow). 

Elderly Migration as a Response toEconomic Incentives." Social Science Quarterly 69:  245-260 (June 1988).  (With David W. Rasmussen and William J. Serow). 

Salaries in Public Education:  The Impact of  Geographic Cost of Living Differentials."  Public Finance Quarterly 14:  179-198 (April 1986).  (With David W. Rasmussen).

The Determinants of Economic Rents in Television Broadcasting." Antitrust  Bulletin 31:  1045-1066 (Winter 1986).

Nonprice Competition and the Dissipation of Rents from Television Regulation.  Southern Economic Journal 51:  754-765 (January 1985).

The Determinants of Network Television Program Prices: Implicit Contracts, Regulation and Bargaining Power.  Bell Journal of Economics 14:  351-365, 1983.  (With John R.Woodbury and Stanley M. Besen).

Does Government-Restricted Entry Produce Market Power?:  New Evidence from the Market for Television Advertising.  Bell Journal of Economics 14:  44-56, 1983. (With Donald L. Martin.)

New Television Networks:  Entry, Jurisdiction, Ownership, and Regulation. Final Report  of the FCC Network Ingaryuquiry, Federal Communications Commission, Washington, D.C.,1980,  523 pages. (With the FCC Network Inquiry Special Staff).

(Wordle picture). An interesting collage of words used in my journal article titles, sized by frequency.


Physician and Patient Migration to Ambulatory Surgery Centers as a Response to Poor Safety at Hospitals [Download] October 2013. (With Nitin Dua).

Hospital Safety, Endogenous Entry and Competition by Ambulatory Surgery Centers. [Download] December, 2010. (With Nitin Dua).

Multimarket contact and the antitrust settlement in Airline Tariff Publishing (1994). February 2010. (With Thomas Zuehlke).

What does Willingness-to-Pay reveal about hospital market power? [Download] April, 2007. (With Yunwei Gai).