Week Eleven: Latin America
Narayan Sastry. 1996. Community characteristics, individual and household attributes, and child survival in Brazil.
- How do child mortality rates differ in different regions of Brazil, and what are some of the possible causes of this difference Sastry considers?
- How does availability of clean piped water affect child survival for less-educated versus more-educated mothers in Northeast Brazil?
- How is availability of specialized health care related to infant survival in southeast Brazil? How does Sastry explain this pattern?
Shawn Kanaiaupuni. 2000. Reframing the Migration Question: An Analysis of Men, Women, and Gender in Mexico.
- How does education of migrants from Mexico to the U.S. compare to averages for people remaining in Mexico? Are these contrasts the same for men and women? How does the author explain this?
- How does the probability of migrating to the U.S. change from before marriage and childbearing to afterwards for men and women in Mexico?
- Review the evidence from this study for the view that most women who migrate are joining their husbands in the destination country.
Joseph Potter, Carl Schmertmann & Suzana Cavenaghi. 2002. Fertility and development: evidence from Brazil.
- What measures of development did Potter and colleagues consider, as possible explanations of birth rate changes?
- Describe the geographic pattern of fertility decline in Brazil between 1960 and 1991--where did it start? How did it spread?
- In cross-sectional results, were fertility effects stronger in rural or in urban areas for mothers' education, electrification, and jobs for women?