Bruce L. Benson
Department of Economics,
Distinguished Research Professor
Courtesy Professor of Law,
Florida State University
Tallahassee, FL 32306
Phone: (850) 644-7094
FAX: (850) 644-4535
SOME STUFF ABOUT ME:
I spent part of
the summer of 2008 as a visiting Research Fellow at the American Institute for Economic Research, and
when I left I was asked to fill out a Summer Visiting Research Fellow Questionnaire, and
one question was “Please list any hobbies, passions, quirks, etc.” I thought this was an unusual question, but
as I considered it, I decided that an honest answer actually would reveal a lot
about me. This was my answer:
biggest passion: my two daughters, Lacey (26, in medical school) and Katie (16,
in high school) – both great kids – and my wife, Terrie, who has had a lot do
with the fact that my daughters are great kids.
a Classical-Liberal/Libertarian: it probably is appropriate to call me a
libertarian anarchist (or anarcho-capitalist); My experience in the U.S. Army infantry in Vietnam (1969-70) moved me a long
way toward libertarian anarchist views (it certainly convinced me that government
does things badly).
originally from Montana (and I really miss the mountains and high plains):
perhaps as a result, I have a substantial interest in Western History: I
developed and regularly teach a course in “The Economics of Native Americans”, for
instance, perhaps the only course of its kind in the world (as a Westerner, I
also was raised to appreciate the value of personal freedom, personal
responsibility, individualism, and private property, another reason for
becoming a libertarian)
and avid baseball fan, particularly of the Boston Red Sox and
State Seminoles; I also follow the Atlanta Braves (due
to proximity; I can get to some of their games); also follow the Denver Broncos and Seminoles
in Football, the Seminoles in women’s soccer,
and enjoy college basketball.
passionately dislike being Department Chair (once again I am learning how badly
government organizations do things).
Do you want some details?
grew up in Harlem, Montana,
entered college at the University
of Montana (UM) in 1967,
dropped out in December 1968, was drafted and entered the army in February
1969. After basic and advanced infantry
training at Fort Lewis, Washington,
I was sent to Vietnam
where I spent a year in a combat infantry unit.
I returned to UM in January 1971.
I met Terrie Johnson, from Cut Bank, Montana, when I was a senior at the UM. She was a freshman. We were married in August of 1973. She has now put up with me for 35 years and 4
cross-country moves. Terrie quit school and worked as a secretary while I went
through the Masters program in economics at UM.
That was followed by our first big move, as I entered the PhD program at
Texas A&M in 1975.
Terrie continued working until I finished my PhD in 1978, and we made
our second big move, to State College, PA where I accepted a position at Penn
State. Terrie then went back to college,
graduating with honors form Penn
State in December of
1981. Lacey was born in June of 1982, just a couple of months before move number three. I
took a position at Montana
and both Terrie and I were excited about going home. After three productive years with no raises
due to state budget problems, however, we decided to move again, this time to Tallahassee, Florida. We have only moved twice since 1985, but just
to different locations in Tallahassee.
We contracted to have a house built, and sold our first house before the
new one was finished, so we moved into an apartment for a few months, long
enough for Katie to be born in November of 1991, and then we settled into the
new house in February of 1992.
I always take
advantage of any chance I get to brag about my kids, so I will start with
Lacey. She is our academic star. She won all kinds of awards in high school,
graduating first in her class in 2000, went to Dartmouth where she graduated with high
honors, Phi Beta Kappa, and Summa Cum Laude in 2004. The next step was medical school, but first,
after 16 (18 if you count pre-K and K) years in school, she took her first
break from education. She spent part of
the next year working in a Pediatrician’s office and part of it wandering around Europe,
and some time during that period she also applied to and visited a bunch of
medicals schools. She was accepted by so
many that she was having some trouble deciding where to go, but then Case
Western Reserve University in Cleveland offered her a four-year
$40,000-per-year scholarship (that essentially cover her tuition and fees – yes,
medical school is that
expensive!). She is starting her fourth
year now, and doing real well. It may
sound like she doesn’t do much besides study, but that definitely is not the case. She started riding horses when she was 7, for
instance, and she is now a very accomplished equestrian (she was on the
Dartmouth Dressage Team for four years, and the president of the team from 2002
until she graduated in 2004, for example, and has her horse with her at medical
school). Lacey has an adventurous streak
too, so for example, she spent a summer as a volunteer in a clinic in rural
Peru, another summer as a wrangler on a Dude Ranch in Wyoming, and as noted
above, part of another summer wandering around Europe. Now she is applying to
do one of her medical-school rotations in Ecuador
Lacey also is a lot of fun to hang out with, so she has lots of good friends
(including one named Joe, also a med student, who seems to hang around with her
a lot), and despite all the time she has spent over the years studying, she
manages to have a lot of fun.
Katie is our creative star. She does have trouble deciding what she wants
to do, however. My wife says she chases
butterflies. She tries (chases)
something for awhile, starts becoming quite good at it (in sports, for
instance, she has shown promise in golf, soccer, fast-pitch softball, and
swimming), but then moves to something else.
It makes life interesting, and she is a lot of fun to be around, so I
complain. One butterfly does seem to fly back into
view, however. She is, in fits and
starts, becoming a very good artist. Her
imagination and creativity are also revealed in her writing. She entered a short story in a county-wide
competition last spring (over 600 entries in five age categories) and won first
place in the high-school category. Katie
has not taken her academic efforts as seriously as her sister, but they are
alike in sister in couple of ways. Both
have several very good friends, for instance.
In fact, sometimes I think we are running a boarding school and travel
agency for 16-year-old girls, all of whom love to talk, laugh, and have
fun. In addition, both daughters have
big hearts. Each of them has volunteered
to serve as resident councilors at a summer camp for handicapped children, for
instance. Lacey did it for three summers
when she was in high school. Katie just
completed her second summer, and she is already planning to go back next summer. Like I said, great kids!
Lacey (who was cold) & Joe,
7/4/08, waiting for the fireworks show near Cleveland, Oh
Terrie & me, 7/3/08, Put-in-Bay,
even great kids can turn hair (& beard)
I will not write much about libertarianism, as I have published many papers and books
explaining my views. The anarcho-capitalist position arises because every government
activity I have studied (e.g., policing, courts, law, highways, regulation) can
be, has been, or is being produced better by the private sector, so I am yet to
find a valid justification for the state.
An autobiographical description of how I became a libertarian also
is available at Another
Path to Libertarianism.
Finally, I will note that I received the Liberty in Theory 2007 Lifetime
Achievement Award from the Libertarian
Alliance in London (the following pictures were taken at the Liberal Club
in London during the talk I gave to the Liberal Alliance conference), and the
2006 Adam Smith Award
from the Association of Private Enterprise
Education, suggesting that at least some of what I have written has been
appreciated by some people.
have read a lot of western history, and I have now started writing about it in
a much more significant way than I have in the past. I have a partially completed book manuscript
on the buffalo economy of the Great Plains. I expect to continue this activity after I
retire from the University (in about 8 years).
parents bought their first television set when I was 7. We got one channel, and that channel offered
the “game of the week” every Saturday during baseball
season. The Yankees were on more than any
other team, and my best friend became an avid Yankee fan. Being a contrarian, I had to follow another
team, and I picked the Red Sox. I have
followed them since then, mainly on television and in the newspaper. I only got to one live Red Sox game before
this year, and that was in Seattle
during Yaz’s last year. I
finally got to a game in Fenway
this summer. It was amazing. While I follow the Red Sox, I actually prefer
the National League game (I am a traditionalist I guess, as I think that the
designated hitter takes a lot of interesting managerial strategy away from the
game). I also started following college
baseball when I moved to Florida
State, and women’s soccer when
my daughter was going through her soccer phase. I
played football in high school, so I also enjoy the game.
agreed to serve as Chair of the Department
of Economics in 2006, and it appears that I am stuck with the job until
2012. All I will say is that it was
probably the worst decision I ever made!
Sketch: The following is a revised version (to update, and to
eliminate the list of publications, as a publications list is provided below)
of a biographical sketch that appears in Who's Who in Economics (2003):
Current Posts: Chair, 2006
-, DeVoe Moore Prof., 1997-, and Distinguished
Research Prof., 1993-, Dept. of Econ; Courtesy Prof. of Law,
2006-; Research Assoc., 1994-, and Oversight/Advisory Board Mem.,
2000-, DeVoe L. Moore Center; Research Assoc. 2008-, Program for
the Study of Political Economy and Free Enterprise in the Gus
A. Stavros Center for the Advancement of
Free Enterprise and Economic Education, Florida State Univ., Tallahassee,
FL, USA. Sr. Fell., Independent Institute, Oakland, CA,
Posts: Prof. Econ., 1987-93, Assoc. Prof. Econ., 1985-87, Faculty Assoc.,
Policy Sciences Center, 1987-93, Florida State Univ.; Research Fell., Independent
Institute, Oakland, CA, USA, 1991-97; Assoc. Prof. Econ., Montana State Univ.,
1982-85; Visiting Ass. Prof. Econ., 1978-79, Ass. Prof. Econ., 1979-82, Assoc.
Prof. Econ., 1982, Pennsylvania State Univ.; Pacific Research Fell., Pacific
Research Institute for Public Policy, 1982-90; Salvatori
Fell., Salvatori Center for Academic Leadership,
Heritage Foundation, 1992-94; Fulbright Senior Specialist in Econ. to the Czech Republic, the Vysoká Škola
Ekonomická (the University of Economics),
Faculty of Econ. and Pub. Admin., Prague, 2003-04;
Visiting Prof., University de Paris Pantheon Assas
(Paris II),, March 2004; .Julian Simon Fell., Property and Environmental Research Center,
Summer 2004; Visiting Research Fell,, American Institute for Economic Research,
Great Barrington, MA, June 2008
Degrees: BA, MA
Univ. of Montana,
1973, 1975; PhD Texas A&M Univ.,
Offices and Honors: Liberty in Theory 2007
Lifetime Achievement Award, Libertarian Alliance; 2006 Adam Smith Award,
Assoc. of Private Enterprise; 2004 Leavey
Award for Excellence in Private Enterprise Education, Freedoms Foundation; Pres.,
2002-03, Vice-Pres., 2001-02, Executive Committee Mem.
1999-2001 & 2003-04, Assoc. Private Enterprise Education; Advisory Council Mem., Friedreich A. von Hayek Foundation,
Buenos Aires, 2001-; Assoc. Private Enterprise Education Distinguished
Scholar Award, 2001; Sir Antony Fisher International Memorial Award, 2000; The
Journal of Private Enterprise Best Paper Award, 1999; Professional Excellence
Program Award, Florida State Univ., 1999; Board of Trustees, Southern Econ.
Assoc., 1995-97; Ludwig von Mises Prize, 1992;
Honorable Mention Runner-up, H. L. Mencken National Book Award, 1991; Georgescu-Roegen Prize for the best article in the
Southern Econ. Journal, 1989; Earhart Foundation Research
Fellowship, 1991, 1992, 1995, 2002; Institute
for Humane Studies F. Leroy Hill Faculty Fellowship, 1985-1986.
Editorial Duties: Co-Ed., Economic Journal Watch,
2001-; Assoc. Ed., Journal of Regional Science, 1988-2003; Assoc. Ed., The Journal of Drug Issues,
1998-; Assoc. Ed., Review of Austrian Econ.,
1998-; Contributing Ed., The Independent
Review: A Journal of Political Economy, 1995-; Ed. Board Mem., Quarterly
Journal of Austrian Economics, 1997-; Ed. Board Mem.,
Libertarian Studies, 1999-; Mem. of the Comité Scientifique,
Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines, 2002-.
Fields of Interest: Law and Econ; New Institutional Economics; Public
Choice; Economics of Crime and Substance Abuse.
Contributions: M. L. Greenhut was my
graduate-school mentor, and as a consequence, much of my early work was on
spatial price theory. I also studied with Randall Holcombe, Svetozar
Pejovich, and Eirik Furubotn, however, so I developed interests in public
choice and neoinstitutional economics, and over time
these interests expanded. Furthermore, when David Theroux asked me to
contribute to a volume on gun control, I began documenting private responses to
crime (initially to demonstrate that the dominant causal relationship ran from
crime to guns for protection). As I explored this issue, I realized that the
assumption dominating economics, that government provides and enforces the
rules of the game, was not valid. This led to The Enterprise of Law, a
number of articles on private policing, the Law Merchant, arbitration, and
customary law, and another book, To Serve and Protect. This research continues,
with a major focus on the evolution of law, and another on the relationships
between private security regulation, security market performance, crime, and
the demand for public policing. A new research focus also emerged in the late
1980s as David Rasmussen and I started exploring the economics and politics of
illicit drug policy, and then of alcohol control issues. This collaboration
generated a number of articles and a book. In the course of my career I have
produced about 125 academic journal articles, and more than 45 chapters
for edited volumes and more, along with many other publications.
2. FOR MORE DETAILS: see my VITA.
COURSES: I have taught many different courses over
the last 32 years, including graduate and undergraduate microeconomics,
graduate and undergraduate industrial organization, graduate and undergraduate
regional economics, principles of micro (and even macro principles when I was a
graduate student), and graduate new institutional economics. In recent years, however, my teaching focus
has been in law and economics, and in the Economics of Native Americans course
that I developed. Recent syllabi are
available through the following links.
ECO 5936 Graduate level Law and Economics
ECO 3600 Economics of Native Americans
ECP 3451 Undergraduate Economics & the
4. SELECTED JOURNAL
PUBLICATIONS, BOOKS, AND WORKING PAPERS: This list includes (1)
pre-1999 publications that have been frequently cited and otherwise recognized,
(2) publications with links or that have been recognized in some way, and are
less than ten years old, and (3) selected working papers. See my VITA, linked
above, for the other 80 journal articles, 45 plus chapters written for edited
volumes, and other publications.
FREQUENTLY CITED AND OTHERWISE RECOGNIZED PUBLICATIONS,
“Löschian Competition Under
Alternative Demand Conditions
,” American Economic Review, December 1980, 1098‑1105.
Competition: Implications for Market Area Delineation
in Antimerger Cases,” Antitrust
Bulletin, Winter 1980, 729‑749.
Republished: The Journal of Reprints for Antitrust
Law and Economics (issue on
"Relevant Markets in Antitrust,"1984).
Republished: The Economics of
Location (Melvin L. Greenhut
and George Norman, eds.London: Edward Elgar, 1995).
Restrictions Which Lower Price in the
Restricting Country: An Analysis of Spatial Markets” (with James C. Hartigan), Journal
of International Economics, August 1983, 117‑133.
Theory and an Efficient Congestion Toll
Established by the Free Market,” Economic Inquiry, April
Republished: The Economics of Location (Melvin L. Greenhut
and George Norman, eds. London: Edward Elgar,1995).
“Rent Seeking from a Property Rights Perspective,” Southern Economic Journal, October
“An Alternative View of Pricing in Retail Food Markets”
(with Merle D. Faminow), American Journal of Agricultural
Economics, May 1985, 296‑306.
“The Political Economy of Government Corruption: The Logic of
Underground Government” (with John Baden), Journal of Legal Studies,
June 1985, 391‑410.
Republished: The Economics of Corruption and
Illegal Markets (Gianluca Fiorentini and Stefano Zamagni, eds. London: Edgar Elgar,
Lagged Impact of State and Local Taxes on
Economic Activity and Political Behavior” (with Ronald N. Johnson), Economic Inquiry, July 1986, 389‑402.
“Legal Evolution in Primitive Societies,” Journal
of Institutional & Theoretical Economics, December 1988, 772-788.
and the Law (Edward Stringham, ed. New Brunswick,
NJ: Transactions, 2007).
“The Spontaneous Evolution of Commercial Law,” Southern Economic Journal, January
“Georgescu-Roegen Prize in Economics” for best Southern Economic Journal article, 1988-1989.
Republished: Reputation: Studies in the Voluntary Enforcement of Good
Behavior (Daniel B. Klein, ed. Ann Arbor, MI:
University of Michigan Press, 1997).
Republished: The Legacy of
Friedrich von Hayek (Peter J. Boettke, ed. London: Edgar Elgar,
and Republished: Part of a
Monograph (2002) published in Czech.
Legacy of Ludwig
von Mises (Peter J. Boettke and Peter Leeson, eds. London:
Edgar Elgar, 2006).
Republished: The Evolution of
Efficient Common Law (Paul Rubin, ed. London: Edgar Elgar, 2007).
Republished: Economics of Commercial Arbitration
and Dispute Resolution (C. Ashenfelter, and Radha
K. Iyengar, eds. London: Edward Elgar,
“Integration of Spatial Markets” (with Merle D. Faminow), American
Journal of Agricultural Economics, February 1990, 49-62.
“On the Basing Point System” (with Melvin L. Greenhut and George
Norman), American Economic Review, June 1990, 584-588.
Republished: Spatial Microeconomics: Theoretical
Underpinnings and Applications
(Melvin L. Greenhut, ed. (Aldershot, UK: Elgar,
“On the Basing Point System: Reply” (with Melvin L. Greenhut and George
Norman), American Economic Review, September 1990, 963-967.
Republished: Spatial Microeconomics:
Theoretical Underpinnings and Applications (Melvin L. Greenhut,
ed. Aldershot, UK: Elgar,
The Enterprise of Law: Justice Without
the State, San Francisco:
Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy, 1990.
1991 Honorable-Mention Runner-up (among 5 finalists), Free Press Association “H.
L. Mencken National Book Award.”
and Republished: Justicie Sin Estado (Madrid: Unión
Editorial, 2000). translated by José Igncio del Catillo and Jesús Gomez.
“Basing Point Pricing and Production Concentration” (with Melvin L. Greenhut, George
Norman, and Jean B. Soper), Economic Journal, May
Republished: Spatial Microeconomics: Theoretical
Underpinnings and Applications
“Is Property Crime Caused by Drug Use or Drug Enforcement
Iljoong Kim, David W. Rasmussen, and Thomas W. Zuehlke), Applied Economics, July 1992,
“Emerging From the Hobbesian Jungle:
Might Takes and Makes Rights,” Constitutional Political Economy,
Spring/Summer 1994, 129-158.
Translated and republished: “Las
Instituciones y Los Derechos
de Propiedad al Emerger de
la Jungla Hobbesiana: La Fuerza Quita los
Derechos y los Crea,”
Libertas, May 1995, 35-75.
Economics of Property Rights (Svetozar Pejovich, ed. London: Edward Elgar, 2001).
The Economic Anatomy of a Drug War: Criminal Justice in the
Commons (with David W.
Rasmussen), Lanham, MD: Rowman and
“Are Public Goods Really Common Pools: Considerations of the
Evolution of Policing and Highways in England,” Economic Inquiry, April 1994,
and the Law (Edward Stringham, ed. New Brunswick,
NJ: Transactions, 2007).
“Police Bureaucrats, Their Incentives, and the War on Drugs” (with David W.
Rasmussen and David L. Sollars), Public Choice, April 1995, 21-45.
“An Exploration of the Impact of Modern Arbitration Statutes
on the Development of Arbitration in the United States,” Journal of Law, Economics, &
Organization, October 1995, 479-501.
Republished: Economics of Commercial Arbitration and Dispute Resolution (C. Ashenfelter,
and Radha K. Iyengar, eds. London: Edward Elgar,
“Predatory Public Finance and the Origins of the War on
Drugs: 1984-1989” (with David W. Rasmussen), The Independent Review: A Journal of
Political Economy, Fall 1996, 163-189.
Republished: Taxing Choice: The Predatory Politics
of Fiscal Discrimination
(William F. Shughart II, ed.
New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1997).
“Deterrence and Public Policy: Tradeoffs in the Allocation of
Police Resources” (with Iljoong
Kim and David Rasmussen), International Review of Law & Economics,
March 1998, 77-100.
Alternatives for Crime Control: Entrepreneurial
Responses to Government Failure,” Journal of Private Enterprise,
Spring 1998, 1-19.
“The Journal of Private Enterprise Best Paper Award, 1999”
for the 1998 volume of the
To Serve and Protect: Privatization and Community in
New York: New York University
Award: The Atlas Economic Research Foundation's 2000 Sir Antony
Fisher International Memorial Award recognizing “the institute that publishes a book
... in 1998 or 1999 that, in the opinion of
the judges, made the greatest contribution to public understanding of the free
(book written for the Independent
FROM THE LAST TEN YEARS THAT HAVE LINKS OR HAVE BEEN REPUBLISHED
“Deterring Drunk Driving Fatalities: An Economics of Crime
Perspective” (with Brent D. Mast and
David W. Rasmussen), International Review of Law & Economics,
June 1999, 205-225.
“Beer Taxation and Alcohol-Related Traffic Fatalities” (with Brent D.
Mast and David W. Rasmussen), Southern
Economic Journal, October 1999, 214-249.
“To Arbitrate or to Litigate: That is the Question,” European Journal of Law & Economics,
September 1999, 91-151.
“An Economic Theory of the Evolution of Governance and the
Emergence of the State,” Review
of Austrian Economics, November 1999, 131-160.
“Entrepreneurial Police and Drug Enforcement Policy” (with Brent D. Mast and David W. Rasmussen), Public
Choice, September 2000, 285-308.
“Knowledge, Trust, and Recourse: Imperfect Substitutes as
Sources of Assurance in Emerging Economies,” Economic Affairs, March 2001, 12-17.
“The Impact of Drug Enforcement on Crime: An Investigation of
the Opportunity Cost of Police Resources” (with David W.
Rasmussen and Sebastian Laburn),
of Drug Issues, 2001, 989-1006.
“Privately Produced General Deterrence” (with Brent D.
Mast), Journal of Law & Economics,
October 2001, 725-746.
“Regulatory Disequilibium and
Inefficiency: The Case of Interstate Trucking,” Review of Austrian Economics,
Summer/Fall 2002, 229-255.
“Rational Drug Policy Under
Federalism” (with David W. Rasmussen), Florida State University Law
Review, Summer 2003, 679-734.
“Implicit Taxes Collected by State Liquor Monopolies” (with David W.
Rasmussen and Paul R. Zimmerman). Public
Choice, June 2003, 313-331.
“Opportunities Forgone: the Unmeasurable Costs
of Private Enterprise, Spring 2004, 1-25.
Republished: The Political Economy of Entrepreneurship (Magnus Henrekson and Robin Douhan, eds. London:
Edward Elgar, 2008).
“The Mythology of Holdout as Justification for Eminent Domain
and Public Provision of Roads,” The
Independent Review: A Journal of Political Economy, Fall 2005, 165-194.
“The Spontaneous Evolution of Cyber Law: Norms, Property
Rights, Contracting, Dispute Resolution, and Enforcement without State
Involvement,” Journal of Law, Economics & Policy,
Winter 2005, 269-348.
“Contractual Nullification of Economically-Detrimental
State-Made Laws,” Review of Austrian Economics,
Self Determination: The Other Path
for Native Americans,
an edited volume (co-edited with Terry Anderson and Tom Flannagan),
Stanford University Press, 2006.
“The Market for Force,” The
Independent Review: A Journal of Political Economy, Winter 2007,
“Alcohol and Rape: An Economics of Crime Perspective” (with Paul
Zimmerman), International Review of Law &
Economics, December 2007, 442-473.
“The Evolution of Eminent Domain: Market Failure or an Effort
to Limit Government Power and Government Failure?” The Independent Review: A Journal of
Political Economy, Winter 2008, 423-432.
The following papers are chapters in
a forthcoming book: Property Wrongs: The Law and Economics of
Eminent Domain and Regulatory Takings, Bruce L. Benson, editor (under
contract with the Independent Institute):
“Introduction: Eminent Domain, Regulation, and the Takings
“Eminent Domain for Private Use: Is it Justified by Market
Failure or an Example of Government Failure?” (with Matthew Brown).
“Conclusion: Instability and Inefficiency are the Inevitable
Results of Government Planning and Regulatory Implementation.”
“Escalating the War on Drugs:
Causes and Consequences,” Stanford Law & Policy Review,
forthcoming. THIS LINK IS TO THE SUBMITTED DRAFT; THE PAPER IS UNDERGOING
EDITORIAL REVISIONS SO A NEW VERSION WILL BE POSTED SOON.
Someday I hope to revise to resubmit to the Journal of Economic Behavior
“The War on Drugs: A Public Bad.” Written for presentation at the Research
Symposium on Bad Public Goods, sponsored by Northwestern University’s Searle Center on Law, Regulation, and Economic Growth at
the Searle Center Conference
University School of Law, September 2008, and subsequent publication.
“Some Form of a
Law Merchant Always Evolves in Emerging
Economies” invited by Peer Zumbansen and Gralf Calliess, editors of a volume on Law and Evolutionary Theory. LINK WILL BE POSTED SOON.
papers are chapters in a forthcoming book: The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism,
Ronald Hamoway, ed. (Thousand Oaks, CA:
Sage Publishing), forthcoming 2008
“Crime: Restitution and Retribution.”
Private Attorneys General and the Use and/or Threat of Environmental Litigation
to Extract Involuntary Wealth Transfers.”
“Common Law versus Judge-Made Law.” BEING REVISED; LINK WILL BE ADDED SOON.
“Are Roads Public Goods, Club Goods, Private Goods, or Common
Last Update: August 2008